Fact Check: Romania Will NOT Limit The Use Of Passenger Cars To 6,500 Km Per Year

Fact Check

  • by: Lead Stories Staff
Fact Check: Romania Will NOT Limit The Use Of Passenger Cars To 6,500 Km Per Year Fact Check: Romania Will NOT Limit The Use Of Passenger Cars To 6,500 Km Per Year No Such Plan

Does a governmental decree implementing Romania's Long-Term Strategy for Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions restrict the use of passenger cars to 6,500 kilometers (approximately 4,000 miles) per year? No, that's not true: The strategy, which aims to achieve climate neutrality in Romania by 2050, does not call for such a measure. The figure is used as a parameter, based on national and EU statistics from 2010 to 2019, to draft possible models to evaluate the impact of different strategies on future energy demands and climate change.

The claim originated from a video uploaded on TikTok on December 14, 2023 (archived here), with the following caption, translated from Romanian to English by Lead Stories staff:

Attention! A new governmental decree limits the use of personal cars to 6,500 km/year.

This is what the post looked like on TikTok at the time of writing:

Screenshot 2023-12-15 at 10.11.20.png

(Source: TikTok screenshot taken on Fri Dec 15 08:07:30 2023 UTC)

The person speaking in the video says -- as translated from Romanian to English by Lead Stories staff -- that the new decree aimed at fighting pollution in Romania, "has nothing rational in it." One example, she continues, is that it "limits the right to circulation."

"If you own a personal vehicle, this decree establishes that this personal vehicle should not be used more for than 6,500 kilometers per year," she says, adding her opinion that this "is extremely low." This claim is not true.

Adopted at the end of November 2023, and published in December 2023, in the Official Monitor -- the official organ that publishes every normative act in Romania -- governmental decree number 1215/2023 implements Romania's Long-Term Strategy for Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions - Neutral Romania in 2050.

The strategy is in line with The European Climate Law, which aims to reduce net greenhouse gas emissions by at least 55 percent by 2030 compared to 1990 levels, and make Europe's economy "climate neutral" by 2050. This will mean achieving net zero greenhouse gas emissions for EU countries as a whole, mainly by cutting emissions, investing in green technologies, and protecting the natural environment.

Romania's long-term strategy proposes policy measures for the decarbonization of six key sectors: Energy, Transport, Buildings, Heating and Cooling, Agriculture and Forestry, and Waste. The strategy analyzes three scenarios -- the reference scenario, the middle scenario, and the neutral Romania scenario -- and states that the third has been selected by Romanian authorities to be implemented by 2050.

In the Transport sector (section 6.2 in the document), the strategy aims to reach climate neutrality by introducing electric and hydrogen-powered freight vehicles and increasing the number of electric car charging stations, so that gradually fewer, and eventually zero, cars will use gasoline or diesel.

The strategy does not mention imposing, in the future, a limit of 6,500 km per year, for the use of personal cars.

A table on page 15 of the Strategy mentions three average mileage figures (later called "assumptions" in the text) for each of the three scenarios, which include a figure of 6,500 km per year for cars.

Screenshot 2023-12-15 at 11.46.46.png

(Source: Screenshot taken from Romania's Long-Term Strategy for Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions - Neutral Romania in 2050, on Fri Dec 15 09:46:46 2023 UTC)

The Annexes section at the end of the document (on page 90) explains that these values are average parameters based on recent statistics, not restrictions to be imposed in the future, limiting the use of personal cars.

Page 98 of the same document shows that figures of average km usage per vehicle type were used to create different scenarios, based on statistical data from EUROSTAT (Motor vehicle movements on national and foreign territory) and the National Institute of Statistics, referring to the period from 2010 to 2019.

Screenshot 2023-12-15 at 11.47.58.png

(Source: Screenshot taken from Romania's Long-Term Strategy for Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions - Neutral Romania in 2050, on Fri Dec 15 09:47:58 2023 UTC)

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  Lead Stories Staff

Lead Stories is a fact checking website that is always looking for the latest false, deceptive or inaccurate stories (or media) making the rounds on the internet.

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